This foundation is formed as a community based strategic group for the empowerment of widows to learn how to make a henceforth independent and gainful living to cater for themselves and their children. Also, provide a voice platform for action on the concerns of widows, social justice, poverty reduction and sustainable development practices.
Widows suffer greatly in the society; they are relegated to the background economically, socially and culturally as a result of the situation in which they find themselves like economic burden, single parenthood and loneliness.
The inspiration came from the manner in which many widows are unjustly and unfairly treated in this part of the world coupled with the increasingly earlier age in which women are becoming widows as a result of accidents, armed conflicts and very dangerous infectious diseases including but not limited to HIV and Ebola, living them to educate their children single-handedly.
Our philosophy is based on the reality that every human being is a unique individual and that we all have a right to good health and basic needs and should access means to a comfortable life in one way or another.
This will be done through training centers and a micro financing agency and a scholarship program for their children to make it to school.
The project involves capacity building and skill development as well as loans to start up a business based on the skill developed. It will also provide awareness on legal rights as well as health and hygiene. We hope to inspire the women we work and to take ownership of their future and earn a sustainable income so they can look after their families and provide for them. By listening to their stories, talking to them and giving them the emotional support they need, we can help these women move forward and look to the future.
Through workshops and training sessions, we hope to help the women develop new skills, whether they be practical skills like tailoring, hair dressing or soft skills, like the art of sales, negotiations and team work. This will help the women become more employable or give them a solid business grounding to make their business succeed and ultimately profitable.
The widows also suffering from the effects of HIV/AIDS will have access to our free HIV/AIDS clinics and free AIDS medicine. Healthy food, vitamins and mosquito nets will be provided for them. Most of these women do not have the strength to grow more and better food, they cannot pay for mosquito nets or vitamin supplements.
Funds for emergency trips to the hospital because women and children suffering from AIDS fall sick more often and more severely than other people. In addition to the cost of transportation, visiting the doctor and getting medicine costs money, money they normally do not have resulting in either debt or death. We will address the issues raised by the members of the HIV/AIDS group and together we will come up with a plan. We will partner with UN Women to bring its advocacy power, technical knowledge and presence on the ground to provide better economic opportunities and enhance the voices of widows.
The Foundation will be calling on governments to fill the gaps in data collection on numbers, ages, lifestyles, needs and roles of widows to include “widows” as a specific category in national action plans, as well as criminalise all actions by state or non-state actors that deprive widows of their rights or coerce them into degrading and life-threatening and harmful traditional practices.
This is done through awareness programmes, radio/TV projects, training/capacity building, advocacy, research, publication, media, networking and consulting services.
This project will lead to sustainability for the single women and their children. When we fully engage people in their own development, in an authentic way they have real ownership and power to change their lives and the lives of the people around them. With this project we will be complimenting government’s efforts towards reducing poverty in the society.The Board of Trustees of the Cosmopolitan Aid Foundation, led by Dr. Emmanuel Yao Voado, MD., the Founder, will select the Management Committee that will see to the day to day administration of the centre. He is a Ghanaian neurosurgeon trained in Cuba. He was the medical doctor who first opened a neurosurgical service in the country of Belize. He practiced there for 5 years and worked in the United States for 6 years before relocating to Africa in September, 2013. He is working diligently on the cure of Spinal Cord Injuries.
The Cosmopolitan Widows Empowerment Centre will be headquartered in Tsopoli in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area of Ghana.
We pursue breaking the backbone of generational poverty where the captives of destiny, the marginalised, shall become the frontliners. Our purpose is to uplift orphans and vulnerable children who will become indispensable assets to the nation of Ghana and the rest of the world and no more social liabilities and menaces, grooming them to the height of the finest leaders the world can produce. Emphasis will be laid on the orphans of the deceased AIDS patients and girls and boys infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS.
The inspiration came from the fact that orphans and vulnerable children have the propensity to shocks, adversities and consequently are hardest hit by poverty. Given that childhood is the most crucial developmental period in an individual’s lifetime, any damage at this stage can lead to a perpetuation of the cycles of poverty, resulting in inter generational and/or chronic poverty.
Our philosophy is based on the reality that every human being is a unique individual and that we all have a right to good health and basic needs and should access means to a comfortable life in one way or another.
The Board of Trustees of the Cosmopolitan Aid Foundation, led by Dr. Emmanuel Yao Voado, MD., the Founder, will select the Management Committee that will see to the day to day administration of the Cosmopolitan Orphans and Vulnerable Children. He is a Ghanaian neurosurgeon trained in Cuba. He was the medical doctor who first opened a neurosurgical service in the country of Belize. He practiced there for 5 years and worked in the United States of America for 6 years before relocating to Africa in September, 2013. He is working diligently on the cure of Spinal Cord Injuries. The headquarters of the Cosmopolitan Aid Foundation will be located in Bundase in the Greater Accra Region.
Ghana is located in Western Africa and borders Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, and Togo. This country occupies a total area of 238,533 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 29,786,408 as of January 5, 2019. The population of West Africa is estimated at 387,246,061 people as of January 8, 2019.
Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR of the opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP) succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS of the National Democratic Congress won the 2008 presidential election and took over as head of state, but he died in July 2012 and was constitutionally succeeded by his vice president, John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won the December 2012 presidential election. In 2016, however, Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO of the NPP defeated MAHAMA, marking the third time that the Ghana’s presidency has changed parties since the return to democracy.
Ghana has a market-based economy with relatively few policy barriers to trade and investment in comparison with other countries in the region, and Ghana is endowed with natural resources. Ghana's economy was strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels, but in recent years has suffered the consequences of loose fiscal policy, high budget and current account deficits, and a depreciating currency.
Agriculture accounts for about 20% of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. Gold, oil, and cocoa exports, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. Expansion of Ghana’s nascent oil industry has boosted economic growth, but the fall in oil prices since 2015 reduced by half Ghana’s oil revenue. Production at Jubilee, Ghana's first commercial offshore oilfield, began in mid-December 2010. Production from two more fields, TEN and Sankofa, started in 2016 and 2017 respectively. The country’s first gas processing plant at Atuabo is also producing natural gas from the Jubilee field, providing power to several of Ghana’s thermal power plants.
As of 2018, key economic concerns facing the government include the lack of affordable electricity, lack of a solid domestic revenue base, and the high debt burden. The AKUFO-ADDO administration has made some progress by committing to fiscal consolidation, but much work is still to be done. Ghana signed a $920 million extended credit facility with the IMF in April 2015 to help it address its growing economic crisis. The IMF fiscal targets require Ghana to reduce the deficit by cutting subsidies, decreasing the bloated public sector wage bill, strengthening revenue administration, boosting tax revenues, and improving the health of Ghana’s banking sector. Priorities for the new administration include rescheduling some of Ghana’s $31 billion debt, stimulating economic growth, reducing inflation, and stabilizing the currency. Prospects for new oil and gas production and follow through on tighter fiscal management are likely to help Ghana’s economy in 2018.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $134 billion (2017 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $47.02 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 8.4% (2017 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $4,700 (2017 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 80.1% (2017 est.)
government consumption: 8.6% (2017 est.)
investment in fixed capital: 13.7% (2017 est.)
investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)
exports of goods and services: 43% (2017 est.)
imports of goods and services: -46.5% (2017 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 18.3% (2017 est.)
industry: 24.5% (2017 est.)
services: 57.2% (2017 est.)
Agriculture - products: cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
Industrial production growth rate: 16.7% (2017 est.)
Labor force: 12.49 million (2017 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
services: 40.9% (2013 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.6 % ( July,2018.)
The population of Africa is estimated at 1.30 billion people as of 2018 accounting for about 16.64% of the world's human population. Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger. The median age is 19.4 years. 41% of the population is urban. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area and Nigeria is the largest by population.
Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago.History:
At about 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Northern Africa with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic civilization of Ancient Egypt. One of the world's earliest and longest-lasting civilizations, the Egyptian state continued, with varying levels of influence over other areas, until 343 BC.Climate:
Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.
The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert, or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence, where vegetation patterns such as Sahel and steppe dominate. Africa is the hottest continent on earth and 60% of the entire land surface consists of dry lands and deserts.Politics:
Today, Africa contains 54 sovereign countries, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. Connected with the Indian Ocean, the islands of Africa are the Union of the Comoros, Republic of Madagascar, Republic of Seychelles, and Republic of Mauritius. In the Atlantic Ocean we have Republic of Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Others are Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, and Eritrea.
The vast majority of African states are republics that operate under some form of the presidential system of rule. The improved stability and economic reforms have led to a great increase in foreign investment into many African nations, mainly from China, which has spurred quick economic growth in many countries, seemingly ending decades of stagnation and decline.
Some seven African countries are in the top 10 fastest growing economies in the world. If you look at countries like Mozambique, Angola, Ethiopia, Zambia, and Togo – all of those markets have shown exceptional growth and real stability and with that you almost get a new investment climate for these countries. This allows you to have a new emerging middle class and with that comes a very vibrant entrepreneurship culture, businessmen or women who want access to technology and to innovate.Natural Resources:
The continent is believed to hold 90% of the world's cobalt, 90% of its platinum, 50% of its gold, 98% of its chromium, 70% of its tantalite, 64% of its manganese and one-third of its uranium. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has 70% of the world's coltan, a mineral used in the production of tantalum capacitors for electronic devices such as cell phones. The DRC also has more than 30% of the world's diamond reserves. Guinea is the world's largest exporter of bauxite.Economy:
From 1995 to 2005, Africa's rate of economic growth increased, averaging 5% in 2005. Some countries experienced still higher growth rates, notably Angola, Sudan and Equatorial Guinea, all of which had recently begun extracting their petroleum reserves or had expanded their oil extraction capacity.
Several African economies are among the world’s fastest growing as of 2011. As of 2013, these are some of the Africa countries growing by more than 5.0% in real Gross Domestic Product (GDP). These are South Sudan, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Rwanda, Mozambique, Eritrea, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Gabon, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Congo, Zambia, Angola, Uganda, Togo, Nigeria, Morocco and Kenya.
Africa really has the ideal conditions for steady economic growth. A skyrocketing population made up of predominantly younger people is the perfect recipe for a booming economy.
In 2018 we continue to see the same trend for population growth. Compared to 2017, African’s overall population has increased by more than 30 million – 1,256,268,025 in 2017 versus 1,287,920,518 in 2018.
The World Bank’s projections for the sub-Saharan Africa area. According to their 2018 projections for the continent: regional GDP growth of 3.2% (compared to 2.4% last year) is expected this year and an even greater increase of 3.5% is forecasted for 2019.
That’s why keeping an eye out for the top African countries with the fastest economic growth in 2018 is a total must for every potential investor. The abundance of natural resources and a young workforce is what has driven the economic surge on the continent in recent years.
A significant number of 2018’s top performers are non-commodity intensive economies. The list is led by Ghana, followed by Ethiopia and Côte d’Ivoire, with Senegal, Tanzania and Djibouti occupying the fourth, fifth and sixth spots respectively. Africa has six of the world’s ten fastest growing economies this year, according to the World Bank.
The latest forecast places East African country, Ethiopia at 8.2 percent with the West African nation, Ghana leading the continent at 8.3 percent. Topping the list from the first to the tenth position are: Ghana, Ethiopia, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, Tanzania, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Benin, Rwanda and Niger.
As the growth in Africa has been driven mainly by services and not manufacturing or agriculture, it has been growth without jobs and without reduction in poverty levels.
He was in Cuba for 17 years, right from the junior high school to the medical school and subsequently to the postgraduate specialist course of Neurosurgery. While in Cuba as a student, he continued the brilliant academic work; he won many awards including best student in Chemistry at the Cuban National Level Quizzes for 3 consecutive years where students from 35 countries then studied. He wrote an Organic Chemistry book which was meant for the preparation of the high performance students who aspired to participate in the World Olympiad of Chemistry. He was summa cum laude (first) in all the levels of education including the medical school and the Specialty of Neurosurgery. At the end of the neurosurgical training, he wrote another book in the field of Spinal Surgery called Lumbosacral Discopathies.
When he completed the Neurosurgical course in 2001, the people of Belize found him and took him to that country as they needed Neurosurgical Services which they had never had the privilege of enjoying locally. He performed simple and complex surgeries on many people including the elite of Belize with no surgical mortality in his 5 consecutive years of practice. In the USA, under Dr. Robert Grossman, a well-known neurosurgeon, he worked as a Clinical Research Specialist where he was invited by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons of America to present six papers in their international conferences.
He is Belizean and American citizen by naturalization. After 28 years, he has decided to come back to Africa to help his people as he has come to the convincing realization that he is more needed here than in the United States of America.
In Cuba, he was directly involved in the educational system for 17 years and impacted by their health care delivery for 11 years which can all be emulated by third world countries like Ghana who have more natural resources and foreign exchange earners than Cuba. He saw the Cuban government training thousands of students of foreign nations in different courses at the polytechnic and university levels, who then went to their home countries to contribute to their development.
He lived in Belize where he contributed to the healthcare delivery in that nation. Once in the USA, he was personally impacted by all the good things of the American system. One area is the safety network to cater for the destitute.
He saw the compassionate character of the Americans in the hospitals and churches which were the two environments he worked and worshiped and he saw how the two organizations will selflessly use their vacation days to go about doing good to the impoverished nations giving out their substance and technicalknowhow. He was deeply touched by this spirit of selflessness and all this helped to shape his world view in the subconscious level till he came to the conscious realization that a meaningful life is not being rich, being popular, being highly educated or beingprefect...It is about being real, being humble, being able to share ourselves and touch the lives of others. It is only then that we could have a full, happy and contented life. That is the motive why, by divine grace, he had been able to abandon the lucrative and most rewarding jobs in the Diaspora and now back home to give back to his people.
According to a 2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), 7.7% of Ghana’s children, aged seventeen or younger, were one-parent or double orphans. According to a 2007 estimate, the number of one-parent and double orphans, aged seventeen or younger, from all causes was 1,100,000. AIDS-related deaths accounted for 160,000 one-parent and double orphans.
Responses to the orphan crisis have included informal foster arrangements with extended family members and institutional care. Informal foster arrangements with extended family members are common for orphans and non-orphans, because poverty has led to many cases of child abandonment, institutional care has been utilised as a means of caring for both orphans and non-orphans. One of the challenges associated with the institutional care system, according to Ghana’s Department of Social Welfare, is “the large number of non-orphans who are simply needy children being kept in children’s homes permanently, with little or no prospects for adoption or re-integration.” Additionally, a 2003 survey of 2,314 street children revealed that three-quarters of them had both parents still living, which implicates poverty as the cause of their homelessness.
Inter-country adoption offers another means for providing care for the orphans in Ghana. A study of 23 receiving states revealed that between the years 2003 and 2009, approximately 412 Ghanaian children were adopted by citizens of other countries.
Ghana has implemented the Care Reform Initiative to help better address the needs of orphans and vulnerable children. The four main components of that initiative are prevention, which emphasizes support for families and avoidance of the need for outside care for the children; reintegration with extended family, which looks to kinship care when children are separated from their parents; fostering, which promotes foster care when kinship care is not available; and adoption, which provides a permanent home for children who have no prospects of being reunited with their families. The goal of the Care Reform Initiative is “the establishment of a more consistent and stable approach to caring for vulnerable children in Ghana so that each child will be assured of a permanent home in a supportive and loving family.”
More children are enrolling in school and progressing through the education system, this is attributable to abolition of school fees for basic education and the introduction of capitation grants throughout the country in the 2005/6 academic year. Ghana seems on track to achieve both Millennium Development Goal’s (MDG’s) in Universal Primary Education and gender parity in primary enrollment. Ghana has approved the Free Senior High School education which has begun to alleviate the educational needs of this segment of our children since 2017.
Access problems are exacerbated for at risk groups, including girls, children from deprived regions, disabled children and the extremely poor in rural and urban areas. Poverty and Social Protection Preliminary estimates from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) indicate that though poverty levels have generally declined in Ghana. Similarly, the size of the extremely poor population appears to have decreased from 26 percent in 1999 but it is still quite high at 18.2 percent in 2007. Overall poverty has declined from 52.6 percent in 1991 to 21.4 percent in 2006.
The previous GLSS 2003 poverty profile of Ghana indicates that an estimated 40 percent of Ghanaians are “poor”. This refers to people who have the capacity to meet their basic nutritional needs, but are unable to cater for additional necessities such as health, shelter, clothing and education. 14.7 percent of the population live in “extreme poverty” and are unable to cater for basic nutritional requirements and suffer from poverty across generations.
The rural and gender dimensions of poverty are evident within the rural food crop sector where nearly 35 percent of all household heads are female.
Ghana has made significant progress in legislation and social policy development for the protection of Ghanaian children during the past two decade. This is because the Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare and for that matter the Government of Ghana has always recognized it imperative to improve the quality of care for its children. This article guarantees the rights and freedom for children. It is also similar in terms as the principles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), and was followed by the passage of the progressive Children’s Act, 1998 (Act 560). As a complement to these legal frameworks, the Government, in 2005 developed the National Policy Guidelines on Orphans and other Children made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. Furthermore in 2007, a National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) was developed to provide safety nets for the vulnerable and excluded groups including children.
The development of the three year National Plan of Action (NPA) for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) was spearheaded by the Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare (MESW) together with the Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs following a national conference on OVC in 2005 with the Support of United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). It is to complement and reinforce existing legislature and other social policies for vulnerable groups. The OVC/NPA framework sets out time bound goals and objectives and outlines key activities and indicators for measuring progress towards addressing vulnerabilities faced by children. It is also a framework for providing care and support to vulnerable children in care institutions. Although Government’s policies on child care emphasize a preference for family based care due to the emotional, social and developmental conditions of families, it however recognises the fact that for some children, limited institutional care could be beneficial while more durable family based alternatives are worked then. Together with the National Social Protection Strategy (2007) this national plan of action not only protects children from increased vulnerability but also reduces their risk of abuse.
• to uplift orphans and vulnerable children who will become indispensable assets to the nation of Ghana and the rest of the world and no more social liabilities and menaces, grooming them to the height of the finest leaders the world can produce.
• to create the atmosphere in which they are provided with appropriate counselling and psychosocial support, ensuring their enrolment in school and access to shelter, good nutrition, health and social services on an equal basis as the middle class child or even better.
• to reduce the suffering of the orphans and vulnerable children, build their capacity through giving them love, care, education and simple activities to do so that they become productive in the society.
• to protect orphans and vulnerable children from all forms of abuse, street hawking, violence, exploitation, discrimination, trafficking for enslavement, sex trade and terrorism.
• to ensure non-discrimination and equal enjoyment of all human rights through the promotion of an active and visible policy of de-stigmatisation of children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. We want to build the capacities to provide a supportive environment for orphans and girls and boys infected and affected by HIV/AIDS.
• to create awareness to the community and the outside world about the need to protect and support the vulnerable children and the orphans as well as protecting their rights.
The home for orphans and vulnerable children is a facility for the up-liftment of orphans and vulnerable children who will no more become social liabilities and menaces but rather indispensable assets to the nation of Ghana and the rest of the world. Emphasis will be laid on the orphans of the deceased AIDS patients and girls and boys infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS.
The orphanage will be supported by the hospital and first class educational facilities starting from crèche up to the Technical Senior High School and Polytechnic and we will offer various university careers targeted towards their grooming to the height of the finest leaders the world can produce. The educational facilities are expected to the best or among the best in the country and we will open enrolment to the children of the workers of The Kingdom City and some few children of financially sound parents who, by paying their school fees, will help sponsor some of the orphans and vulnerable children.
From the Junior High School level, children who are medically fit will be thought the importance of manual work by making them appreciate farming by producing some of the products they themselves will consume. This will have them go to the garden like two times a week for one hour. Their activities will include organoponics/hydroponics and fish farming.
The children will be educated following the Judeo-Christian educational model.
The headquarters of the Cosmopolitan Aid Foundation will be located in Bundase in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area. This is going to be the site for the new international airport which will become the center of West Africa to the world in the travel and pleasure industry. Apart from this huge international airport, there will be an Airport City with skyscrapers of the Dubai style, the seat of the government and all the ministries, an Olympic Stadium among other infrastructures.
We are acquiring 25, 000 acres of land extending from the Volta Lake to an area behind the new International Airport in Bundase, to build The Kingdom City which will englobe all the structures of the Cosmopolitan Aid Foundation. As coalition builders, in the effort of making our projects become auto-sustainable in the future, we will work co-operatively with all individuals and groups, for profit and not for profit corporations and organisations, with government agencies and international bodies committed to the fight to extend help to the needy, subject only to the policies and priorities set by our governing bodies.
2. Children orphaned by the death of one productive parent where children are left vulnerable in the company of the non-productive widow(er).
3. Orphans and girls and boys infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS.
4. Children of both parents living but stricken with extreme poverty whose future of social liability and menace can be foretold.
5. Abandoned children.
We believe in equality for all, rights and dignity for all, stewardship and respects for institutional partnership in development: We welcome and respect ongoing international initiatives and national policies to take care and give support to vulnerable children and disadvantaged people, fight poverty, ignorance and diseases such as Malaria, Immunisable diseases and AIDS. Our activities will be in union and collaboration with other stakeholders.
With your collaboration we both meet the following expectations:
• That orphans and vulnerable children will grow up appreciating every type of work/labour and when they become leaders of our society, they will be ready to serve under any hardship in the urban and rural areas without any reserve.
• To train all sorts of professionals with the unique potential of being able to provide leadership anywhere they might find themselves. We shall singularly cultivate the seed in them to aspire for public offices to serve the society.
• We will protect orphans and vulnerable children from all forms of abuse, street hawking, violence, exploitation, discrimination, trafficking for enslavement, sex trade and terrorism.
• It will break the long chain of poverty in families, who have generationally being plagued with lack.